All about anti wrinkle treatments

The skin is the outer layer of protection against the environment. As we age and expose our skin to different strains, then lines, wrinkles and deeper folds are formed.

Wrinkles are formed primarily due to substance collagen and the fat that fills the skin decreases. As the fullness below the skin surface decreases, the visible wrinkles increase.

How much wrinkles we develop depends on our genes, in combination with how we take care of ourselves – then primarily in the field of sun exposure and smoking habits.

You can slow down wrinkles but can never stop them

Wrinkles are a part of aging and cannot be stopped, but you can age well and thus slow the profession of aging. Even in the case of wrinkles. Therefore, by keeping your skin clean, moisturized and protected from the sun gives you skin protection from external factors.

If you also have a healthy lifestyle, it will protect you from internal factors. In addition to live well and thus slow down the appearance of wrinkles, there are also several different wrinkle treatments that can turn back the years.

Before deciding choice of treatment, you should understand a bit more about the skin and wrinkle formation.

About the skin and how wrinkles occur

The skin is the human body’s largest organ. It consists of three layers – the epidermis, the dermis and subcutaneous layer.

The different layers thickness varies at different locations on the body and in relation to our body fat. Under the skin there are muscles.
When aging or lifestyle-related changes in the skin’s layers occur, lines, wrinkles, creases and slackness are developed.

Wrinkles and skin folds are formed due to the fullness and the elasticity in epidermis and dermis decreases, which leads to the previous stretched skin is creased.

Lines and facial wrinkles are also formed by the facial expression muscles of facial skin folds forcing hundreds of times per day. When this occurs, resulting in pace with reduced skin elasticity in the skin, permanent wrinkles remain visible even when the facial muscles relax.

How wrinkles are treated – the options are many

As you may have understood, you can never prevent the formation of wrinkles. As well, there are many different and effective treatments for wrinkles. You can divide these into six different treatment approaches.

1. Facelift – stretches the skin and underlying tissue

A facelift is a surgical procedure and the most powerful treatment which can remove skin folds and sagging skin in the middle but especially the lower part of the face.

However, with a facelift you can do several things; extend the underlying facial muscles, moving up the adipose tissue and stretching the facial skin and removing excess skin.

For people with substantial slackness in the lower part of the face and the neck, a facelift is in many cases the only option.

2. Botox and Azzalure – reduces wrinkles caused by facial muscle activity

Wrinkles can be caused by unintended tension in the underlying facial muscles. These wrinkles are often seen in the forehead, between the eyes (frown lines) or laugh lines (crow’s feet).

Wrinkles caused by over activity of the facial muscles are effectively treated with injections with muscle relaxant drugs such as Botox or Azzalure.

3. Soft tissue fillers – replace lost volume in the skin

Many wrinkles occur because of the substances that fill out the skin underneath decreases with aging.

The wrinkles that are primarily caused by volume loss under the skin are nasolabial folds, marionette folds, frown lines and upper lip wrinkles.

The above wrinkles can often be effectively treated by the area under the wrinkles/folds are filled by a soft tissue filler.

4. Skin peeling and resurfacing – removes the outer layer of the skin and builds a new one

A face with many superficial signs of aging or “wear and tear” lines such as sun damage, pigmentation, scars etc. may need a new outer layer of skin. This can be accomplished by a so-called skin peeling or resurfacing.

Resurfacing/peeling peels off the skin’s outermost layer (epidermis). The body heals the treated area the same way as abrasions. Volume and elasticity seekers fibers in the dermis are recreated and a new fresh outer skin layer is built up.

However, peeling off the outer skin layer is done depending on the extent of the condition and by using following treatments.

  • Skin planing (dermabrasion) – removes the upper layers of the skin
  • Chemical peels – acids of different strength is applied and affects the outer layer of the skin
  • Laser peel – laser generated heat vaporizes the top layer of skin

5. Heating the dermis – activates a firming healing

If the skin surface is relatively fresh but with some slackness, a heat treatment of the second layer of the skin (dermis) provides some tightening.

The result was achieved by using radio waves or light which heats up the dermis to a temperature where it inflicted controlled “burns”.

When the body perceives the damage in the dermis, a natural healing process occurs. This triggers the production of the skin’s essential collagen and elasticity. The healing results in a general firming effect on the skin.

There are many different methods for this kind of skin tightening. Among the well-known include:

  • Ellman Pelleve, Syneron ePrime, Syneron e-Two and Thermage – radio waves that convert to heat in the dermis
  • Non-ablative fractional lasers – laser beam that heats small channels into the dermis
  • Nd:YAG laser – laser light is converted to heat in the dermis

6. Carbon dioxide injection – can activate the body’s own restoration work

A little aged skin area with some wrinkles and slackness can get refreshment and tightening through Carboxy therapy.

Carboxy therapy involves injections of carbon dioxide in the skin a number of occasions. The carbon dioxide activates the body’s own restoration process, which in turn improves skin radiance and elasticity.

Carboxy is a new and exciting treatment method. Practitioners have report positive results but there is no scientific documentation yet.

What wrinkle treatment is right for me?

What wrinkle treatment is the most appropriate in each case depends upon on a number of factors. The most important is how much wrinkles you want to fix, what causes them, where they are located and what results you expect:

  • To achieve a comprehensive tensioning of the skin in the middle and lower part of the face and down to the neck, a surgical facelift is normally needed.
  • Single and visible wrinkles or local wrinkle areas without skin slackness are often treated with Botox or tissue filler.
  • The skin’s radiance, tone and texture can normally be smoothed out and freshened up considerably with the help of a mechanical peeling, laser peel or chemical peel.
  • A well-cared skin with a fresh surface, but with some slackness around the skin, chin and jaw can be lifted with heath treatment or carbon dioxide injections.

When the various wrinkle treatments have different features, in many cases combination treatments are needed in order to achieve the best results.

Additional options and information for wrinkle treatments

The content on this page about wrinkle treatments has been examined by dermatologist Tore Nilsen from Vaxsjo Medical Center. It is intended as a general guide to wrinkle treatments and cannot replace a consultation with a specialist.

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